Tobacco and Oral Health – Smoking and Tobacco Cessation

Tobacco and oral health

Smoking and snusing is not just an unusual ovana that gives bad breath and discolored teeth. It can also be directly harmful to mouth, teeth and gums.


Several thousand harmful substances are found in tobacco. Fifty of these are or are suspected of being carcinogenic. The amount of chemicals causes smoking to damage most of the body’s bodies, including the teeth and soft tissues in the mouth.

Discoloration and bad breath

The effects of smoking in the mouth are easy to see. To the mild are damaged discolored teeth, whitening changes in the gum, irritated mucous membranes and melanin pigmentation in the mucous membrane. Smoking also gives bad breath – something the smoker himself rarely feels, but almost always the surroundings. A smoker also has more difficulty than a non-smoker to perceive tastes and smells.

Oral Cancer

The most serious injury is cancer of the mouth. There is a clear correlation between cancer risk and the number of cigarettes, the number of years as smokers and the age of smokers. The risk of cancer in the mouth is especially great if smoking is combined with high alcohol consumption.


Those who smoke run three to five times greater risk than those who do not smoke to suffer from periodontal dental disease. Despite the increased risk, smokers have less inflammation in the gums. The toothpaste does not bleed as easily, even when smokers have as much plaque as the non-smoker. This is because the nicotine has a contracting effect on the blood vessels. A smoker may thus have periodontitis without notice.


There are 2500 different chemical substances in snus. With the sniffing, clear marks appear in the mouth with exposed teeth and discolored teeth. Snus also has tedious effects on the esophagus, in the form of pleated pruritus where the prill is laid. The changes may have a color similar to the surrounding tissue, or be somewhere between white and brown. In most cases, they disappear when they stop snoring.


Stomatitis means inflammation of the esophagus and is not uncommon for snusers. It is the snus content of lye that mites the oral mucosa. Although snus contains nitrosamines, classified as carcinogenic, the risk of cancer of the snus used in Sweden and the other Nordic countries is considered small. However, that does not mean that there is no risk! In addition, the risk of cardiovascular changes is high, and the risk of developing diabetes is higher for snusers than non-snusers.

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