When a tooth is in such a poor condition that it can not be saved, it may need to be replaced with a new one. The most sought after treatment at lost teeth is to replace them with dental implants.
This means that we attach a titanium screw to the jaw bone and provide the screw with an artificial crown of china. The implant grows firmly in the jaw and sits permanently. At best, live out.
With dental implants you get new teeth that look natural. Today’s implants are as close to the original teeth as possible.
Dental implants are a safe treatment where 98 percent of all treatments in the lower jaw succeed. The corresponding figure for the upper jaw is about 90 to 95 percent.
Dental implants step by step
1) Survey and planning
In the first step, a thorough review of your general state of health, allergies and tobacco habits is made. We will also check if you are taking any medicines and if so, which.
We examine the mouth to see how much space there is where the dental implants should be placed and how many teeth will be replaced. X-rays are taken to see if there are enough bones and to rule out other diseases on the teeth or in the jawbone.
After that, the height, width and appearance of the jaw bone is examined, and the quality of the leg, that is, how strong the leg is. With the help of photographs, we investigate how much of the teeth are shown and how the gums look. We also map other sensitive areas, such as the nerve that goes along the lower jaw leg.
Before implant treatment can start, we need to remove any teeth with infections, make holes, root fill teeth and make sure there are no infections left. It is also important that you have a good oral hygiene prior to treatment, which our dental hygienist can assist you with.
Because you do not have to go around with a toothpick further into the treatment, we already manufacture the proximal teeth you will need.
The implant consists of three parts; dental crown, a fixture that is the actual titanium screw and a distance that makes up the connection between the dental crown and the fixture.
The surgery itself is when the fixture is to be stuck in the jawbone. The intervention takes no more than an hour and is nothing to worry about. The surgery is performed under local anesthesia which provides a very effective pain relief throughout the procedure and a few hours later. You feel a little pressure and touch during surgery but the pain is effectively gone.
Because we have bored the leg, you may feel a bit swollen and tender after surgery. It usually occurs within a few days and can usually be treated with prescription-free paints. You should not strive for the next day after surgery, but most people can go to work the next day. The few stitches are removed after approximately one week.
If the leg in which the fixture is to be stuck is thin or damaged, for example after an infection or tooth extraction, we may need to refill with a new artificial leg. The artificial leg acts as a kind of scaffold for the body’s own legs. When the artificial leg disappears after 6-9 months, its own bone has grown. The method is very reliable.
After surgery, the fixtures need to grow. How long it takes depends on the quality of the leg and how many screws are inserted. In some cases, the implant may be loaded directly, in other cases it may take up to four months before the screws get stuck in the leg. During the rest period you will get temporary teeth.
4) Teeth in place
Once the dental implants have stuck in the leg, we begin the reconstruction of the teeth. This part of the treatment usually takes a few weeks and on some occasions you can try out how your new teeth look and feel. Reconstruction can also go faster. It depends on whether a tooth, more teeth or whole jaws.
The dentist presents a model of how the teeth will look. Then the dental technician builds a gypsum model after a casting of the dental implant. The gypsum model becomes a copy of the mouth like the technician and the dentist tries out his teeth. We make a set of how teeth will look in wax. After that, the dental technician manufactures the new teeth in the material chosen in consultation with the dentist.
5) After-inspection and hygiene
Contrary to what many believe, dental implants require careful maintenance and cleaning to counteract bacterial growth and infections, especially in the gum around the implants. But if you only get a good routine on your oral hygiene, you can expect to have your implant for a long time, at best all your life.
When the teeth or teeth are inserted, you will meet a dental hygienist who will go through hygiene routines and provide you with a personal hygiene program. It’s important that you do right from the start and learn to keep clean properly.
After six months, the dentist performs a follow-up check and then x-ray checks are performed every year to ensure that the bone does not disappear from the dental implants. Then you should visit the dental hygienist one to two times a year.